Category: Government Benefits and Programs
The Michigan State Disability Assistance (SDA) benefit is a state-funded cash assistance and supplemental income program administered by the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services for disabled persons, seniors (aged 65 or older), or caregivers of disabled persons. Caregivers are typically required to be a live-in family member or paid helper and must not qualify as Home Help agents to be eligible for State Disability Assistance (SDA).
State Disability Assistance (SDA) benefits are dispensed on a semi-monthly (bi-weekly) basis but may also be paid in addition to federal disability benefits such as Retirement, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (RSDI) and Supplemental Security Income (SSI).
As a supplemental income benefit to federal disability, payments are made four (4) times per year in March, June, September, and December. The current benefit amount for individual cash assistance recipients is $246.00 per month. States may reduce benefit levels based on budgetary restraints
The Social Security Amendments Act of 1972 which established the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program in January 1974 authorized state payments as a supplement to the basic federal Supplemental Security Income (SSI) payment to needy aged, blind, and disabled persons. That is, the benefit is payable to all SSI recipients, including children, except those living non-Medicaid certified medical facilities.
It also set forth a provision for a state payment in the form of State Disability Assistance (SDA) which replaced the federal Grants-in-Aid program to former public assistance recipients (if needed to maintain the earlier income level); and, an optional provision to newly eligible persons who were transferred to the federal SSI benefit.
In sum, SSI Recipients are eligible for the State Disability Assistance (SDA) supplement if the "needs standard" of the respective state indicates that their needs are greater than their Supplemental Security Income (SSI) payment plus other countable income.
Federal Supplemental Security Income (SSI) regulations apply to income and asset exclusions and limitations apply to the State Disability Assistance (SDA) supplemental benefit.
Optional state supplementation payment levels, effective January 2011 (in dollars).
(Source: Social Security Administration, Office of Income Security Programs, State Information)
The state supplementation payment is added to the federal payment. Countable income is deducted first from the federal payment. Any income that remains to be counted after the federal payment has been reduced to zero is then deducted from the state supplementary payment (SSA, 2011).
Includes all eligible recipients who are not included in any other state living arrangement, recipients residing in facilities where Medicaid is not paying more than 50 percent of the cost of care, and recipients residing in publicly operated emergency shelters throughout a month.
Living in the household of another.
Includes recipients with no essential person who are residing in a federal Code B living arrangement.
D: Domiciliary care.
Includes recipients residing in licensed nonmedical facilities that provide room, board, and supervision. The state certifies which recipients are residents requiring this level of care.
E: Personal care facility.
Includes recipients residing in licensed nonmedical facilities that provide general supervision, physical care, and assistance in carrying out the basic activities of daily living. The state certifies which recipients are residents requiring this level of care.
F: Home for the aged.
Includes recipients residing in nonmedical facilities for the aged. The state certifies which recipients are residents requiring this level of care. Such care situations include, but are not limited to, licensed homes for the aged.
G: Living independently with an essential person.
Includes recipients with an essential person who are not living in the household of another. Children under age 18 are excluded. Payment levels for essential person apply only to cases converted from the state rolls in 1974.
H: Living in the household of another with an essential person.
Includes recipients converted from the 1973 state rolls who reside in another's household and it is determined that they need assistance from someone considered essential to their well-being. There are no longer any recipients receiving payments for living in the household of another with an essential person.
I: Medicaid facility.
Includes recipients residing in a federal Code D living arrangement.
State Disability Assistance (SDA) as an Interim Benefit
State Disability Assistance (SDA) is also an available benefit to eligible claimants while federal disability claims are pending for initial approval or appeal. In most cases, approval for federal disability benefits is a long, complicated process causing applicants to experience financial hardship in addition to their medical crisis. This state-administered general assistance (GA) benefit may provide some relief.
State Disability Assistance (SDA) is available to SSI and SSDI applicants based on similar medically-determinable and income/asset criteria. Claimants who apply for State Disability Assistance (SDA) will be required to file a claim for federal disability benefits and may be required to reimburse the state once the claim has been approved.
Federal Disability Claims Processing Procedures (SSDI and SSI)
It is important to know some general information about program structures and claim processing procedures for all disability claims before applying for State Disability Assistance (SDA). Claimants who apply for State Disability Assistance (SDA) should have a basic understanding of eligibility guidelines while waiting on approval or as a supplement to federal disability benefits to assess their ability to qualify for State Disability Assistance (SDA).
The first step is to know the federal definition of “disability” before making a claim for benefits.
According to the Social Security Administration, the law defines disability as “the inability to engage in any substantial gainful activity (SGA) by reason of any medically determinable physical or mental impairment(s) which can be expected to result in death or which has lasted or can be expected to last for a continuous period of not less than twelve (12) months.”
When an individual applies for disability the claim is processed by a local Social Security Administration (SSA) field office. The field office verifies non-medical eligibility requirements including age, marital status, employment, citizenship and residency, and Social Security coverage information. For SSI, the field office verifies income, resources, and living arrangement information. The completed application and related forms are forwarded to the Disability Determination Service (DDS) to establish eligibility for benefits.
The Michigan Disability Determination Service (DDS) is a federally-funded state agency that determines the initial and continuing eligibility for benefits for the following programs:
The Office of Retirement Services (ORS) serves all State of Michigan employees including state police, judges, and public school employees covered under state employee retirement programs. Claims for retirement benefits are initially processed by the Michigan Disability Determination Service (DDS) where medical evidence is reviewed, and recommendations are made to the Office of Retirement Services (ORS).
The Michigan Disability Determination Service (DDS) began processing all disability claims received from county offices (e.g. local Department of Health and Human Service and Social Security offices), effective July 1, 2015.
Upon receipt of the claim, the case is assigned to a medical examiner and the process of case development begins. That is, medical evidence is developed to make the initial determination about whether the claimant is blind or disabled under the law.
Medical evidence is developed in several ways:
Medical evidence is developed (collected) to give rise or substantiate the disability claim. After case development is completed, an adjudicative team consisting of medical or mental health consultants and the disability examiner in the Michigan Disability Determination Service (DDS) makes the eligibility determination. Approved claimants are referred to a State vocational rehabilitation agency such as Michigan Rehabilitation Services (MRS) where appropriate.
The case is forwarded back to the appropriate Social Security Administration (SSA) field office. Approved claims are processed to complete non-medical development, compute benefit amounts, and begin paying benefits. Denied claims are retained in the field office in case of appeal. Claimants have twelve (12) months from the date of filing to make an initial appeal.
Appeals and unfavorable determinations are handled by the Michigan Disability Determination Service (DDS). Requests for a redetermination hearing after an appeal is denied is handled by an administrative law judge (ALJ) in the SSA Office of Hearing Operations (OHO). Claimants may submit additional information not provided in the original filing or appeal to the administrative law judge (ALJ). A decision will be made based on the evidence of record and new evidence presented at the hearing.
If additional information is needed by the administrative law judge (ALJ), the hearing office will coordinate evidence with the Disability Determination Service (DDS) or contact medical sources directly. An administrative law judge (ALJ) may issue subpoenas requiring production of evidence during the discovery process or testimony at a hearing.
How long does it take to get disability In Michigan?
Claims processing guidelines established the Standard of Promptness (SOP) rule which requires up to a ninety (90) day eligibility determination for State Disability Assistance (SDA) claims and twelve (12) months for all other state disability claims.
Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI)
Supplemental Security Income (SSI)
If your application for SSI or SSDI has recently been denied, the online appeal request is a starting point to request a review of the decision about your eligibility for disability benefits.
If your application is denied for:
State Disability Assistance (SDA) Medical and Vocational Requirements
The State Disability Assistance (SDA) and Medicaid (MA) programs have the same medical and vocational eligibility criteria. It is possible to receive State Disability Assistance (SDA), however, and not be eligible for Medicaid (MA).
A claimant’s disability (mental or physical impairment) must be medically-determinable. That is, medical evidence must establish the anatomical, physiological, or psychological abnormalities through clinical diagnosis, laboratory imaging techniques (e.g. CT Scans, MRI), and medical documentation. Statements about mental and physical symptoms are insufficient.
What is considered a disability in Michigan?
Body systems indicated in the Social Security Administration's Listing of Impairments are subject to revision and promulgation and must be extended by the Commissioner or may no longer be eligible after effective dates. A link is provided below to the official listing, effective dates, and required evidence per each impairment.
What conditions qualify as a disability in Michigan?
The following is a general listing of qualifying conditions to be eligible for disability according to the Social Security Law and Regulations Listing of Impairments.
Criteria applicable to claimants age 18 or over and children under age 18 where appropriate:
Funding for State and Federal Disability Claims
Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) is 100% federally-financed through Title II funds as required by the Social Security Act of 1935. SSDI benefits are not appropriated in state budgets. Recipients who qualify meet the minimum work requirements and have paid into the trust fund through employer Social Security tax known as the Federal Insurance Contributions Act (FICA).
Supplemental Security Income (SSI) is a federal income supplement program for indigent aged, blind, and mentally or physically disabled to provide for their basic needs. The flat-grant (set monthly benefit) approach is designed to meet the minimum needs of eligible recipients. Benefits are financed through general tax revenues as required by the Title XVI section of the Social Security Act of 1935.
State Disability Assistance (SDA) is 100% state-funded per each fiscal year, through the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) Annual Appropriations, “boilerplate” language. The current allocation is set forth in DHHS FY2015, 2014 Public Act 84, Article X.
State Disability Assistance (SDA) Eligibility Requirements
To qualify for State Disability Assistance (SDA) claimants must meet the following criteria:
State Disability Assistance (SDA) Income and Assets Test
The State Disability Assistance (SDA) benefit is a means-tested program. That is, it is need-based in addition to the basic criteria of having a disability. Therefore, earned and other sources of income and countable assets will be considered in determining eligibility and benefit limits. Gross income includes monies earned in the labor market (job employment), self-employment, and other sources of income (i.e. child support, rental payments, disability payments, or unemployment insurance). Having these forms of income does not necessarily disqualify you for State Disability Assistance (SDA) benefits but may reduce the amount of benefits you receive.
When calculating assets, claimants should also distinguish between real property and personal property. Real property includes real estate such as your homestead (property you own and occupy), rental property, or land and anything permanently attached to it. Personal property includes retirement accounts (i.e. IRAs), investments, or life insurance policies.
To qualify for State Disability Assistance (SDA) personal property assets must meet the $3000 asset threshold. As a note, real property assets cannot exceed $250,000 in value for any other “cash assistance” program administered by MDHHS. However, certain assets are omitted from the State Disability Assistance (SDA) eligibility requirement.
Please use this information as a guide to how you may qualify for the Michigan State Disability Assistance (SDA) program but only a MDHHS Medical Examiner or Benefits Specialist can accurately determine eligibility for SDA benefits.
You are considered disabled and eligible for State Disability Assistance (SDA) if:
The cash asset limit is $3000. Assets are cash and any other property you own. A homestead and a personal vehicle are not counted as assets for State Disability Assistance (SDA).
Cash Assets include:
Most earned and unearned income is counted. Income is considered when determining the amount of SDA you are eligible to receive.
Examples of countable income are:
The following residency requirements apply:
State Disability Assistance (SDA) Application Process
You may apply for State Disability Assistance on the MI Bridges website or in person at a local Department of Human Services (DHS) office in your area. Allow sixty (60) to process the application. It is recommended that applicants print and complete the application form and return it to a DHS Benefit Specialist who can expedite the process. A link is provided below to MDHHS Applications, Forms, and Publications.
Rights and Responsibilities
The Michigan Department of Health and Human Services (MDHHS) rules and regulations for income reporting including changes in income, employment, and disability status apply. State Disability Assistance (SDA) benefits may be required in the Total Household Resources for the Michigan Homestead Property and Home Heating Tax Credits.
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Death and Burial – Social Security Death Benefits
State Disability Assistance
Cash Assistance Application Process
Do You Qualify for Michigan State Disability Benefits?
MDHHS Applications, Forms, and Publications
Michigan Combined Application Program (MICAP)
State Assistance Programs for SSI Recipients
Disability Resource Links:
Social Security Disability Evaluation – General Rules
Disability Evaluation Under Social Security
Code of Federal Regulations – Listing of Impairments
Social Security Benefits for People with Disabilities
Benefits Eligibility Screening Tool
Online Appeal Request and Appeal Disability Report
Michigan Rehabilitation Services (MRS)
Welcome to The Community Advocate Network. My name is Deborah Mitchell, I am a graduate in Social Work and Registered Social Work Technician. My human service background began in 2007 which includes medical case management and service navigation for the indigent population, outpatient mental health counseling with substance use and abuse disorders, supportive employment and job development for mental health consumers, and structured living domicile management.